Elazig is the most orderly city of the region, due to its being recently founded in the 19thcentury. It is situated on a plain near a mountain and is surrounded by vineyards and gardens. The Keban and Karakaya Dams and their artificial lakes contribute to the growth and general appearance of this rapidly developing city.
The attraction of Elazig is the Byzantine Fortress of the ancient city Harput, 5 kms to the north. There are also several mosques of the Seljuk period. Lake Hazar, 25 kms south of Elazig, is a fine tranquil site, while. Buzluk Cave, 12 kms northeast, is an interesting cave, which remains cool in the summers and warm in the winters.